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How the Sun Damages Your Skin

Lancaster aesthetics company

After a long winter, we’re finally starting to see warmer, sunnier days! While you probably don’t think about sunburn until the summertime, our Lancaster aesthetics company is here to remind you that the sun can damage your skin no matter what time of year it is. Here, we explain a little about how this damage occurs:

UVA & UVB Exposure

Let us start by saying that not all sun exposure is bad. When our skin is exposed to the sun’s ultraviolet B (UVB) rays, it produces Vitamin D, which is considered a skin antioxidant that can help with fine lines, wrinkles, dry skin, and even acne. However, too much sun exposure can be a problem; whether it’s UVA rays or UVB rays, the sun can affect and damage all layers of skin.

UVA Rays

UVA rays are long-wave rays and can penetrate the furthest into your skin. They can affect the top two layers of your skin (the epidermis and dermis) and cause wrinkles as well as initiate certain types of skin cancer.

UVB Rays

UVB rays are short-wave rays and therefore only penetrate the top layer of skin (the epidermis). Exposure to these rays is what causes your skin to become sunburned and too much can play a key role in skin cancer.

Both UVA and UVB rays cause skin aging and can contribute to things like:

  • Wrinkles
  • Sun spots
  • Changes in texture
  • Pigmentation
  • Reduced elasticity

The Best Protection

While the best way to protect your skin from sun damage is to avoid the sun, we understand the sun plays a key role in Vitamin D production. Therefore, you should take precautions when you’re outside. No matter what time of year it is, you should apply an SPF lotion to the parts of your body that will be exposed to the sunlight. Make sure the lotion contains protection against both UVA and UVB rays, as both types of rays can be damaging to the skin. Also make sure you apply your lotion more often and use a higher SPF during late spring and summer, when the UV index is higher.

Treatments for Sun Damage

At our Lancaster aesthetics company, we offer a variety of treatments that can help you reverse the effects of sun damage:

If you’re interested in reducing the appearance of wrinkles, brown spots, actinic keratosis, and more, contact us today! We’ll set up a complimentary skin consultation to help you decide which treatment is best for you.